February 23 in Pop Culture History
1455 – Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type. Ironically, if there were newspapers at the time, we could be more confident about the date.
1739 – Richard Palmer was identified by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin.
1792 – The Humane Society of Massachusetts was incorporated.
1896 – The Tootsie Roll was introduced by Leo Hirshfield, in New York.
1903 – Cuba leased Guantanamo Bay to the United States “in perpetuity”.
1905 – Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen met for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world’s first service club.
1940 – Pinocchio was released in theaters.
1941 – Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg
1945 – During the Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Regiment of the 5th Division take the crest of Mount Suribachi, the island’s highest peak, and raised the U.S. flag. The photo would later become world-famous as well as win a Pulitzer Prize.
1947 – The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was founded.
1954 – The first mass inoculation of children against polio with Jonas Salk’s vaccine began in Pittsburgh, PA.
1955 – First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1964 – The Beatles appeared in the Ed Sullivan Show for the third time.
1967 – The Beatles made a taped appearance on American Bandstand, where they premiered their new music videos for the songs “Penny Lane” and “Strawberry Fields Forever”
1975 – There was an energy crisis in the US in 1975, so daylight savings time started two months early – Feb 23rd instead of April.
1978 -Both Barbra Streisand’s Love Theme from A Star Is Born (Evergreen) and Debby Boone’s You Light Up My Life were awarded the Best Song Grammy – the first and only tie in that category in Grammy history.
1980 – # 1 Hit February 23, 1980 – March 21, 1980: Queen – Crazy Little Thing Called Love
1987 – Supernova 1987a was seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
1991 – # 1 Hit February 23, 1991 – March 8, 1991: Whitney Houston – All The Man That I Need
1991 – Operation Desert Storm began in Iraq.
1997 – Scientists announced the first successful cloning of an animal, a lamb named Dolly.
1997 – NBC aired Schindler’s List, completely uncensored.
2002 – # 1 Hit February 23, 2002 – March 8, 2002: Ja Rule featuring Ashanti – Always on Time