683 – During the second Second Islamic Civil War and the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba caught fire and burned down.
1517 – Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
1913 – Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San Francisco. It was the first automobile highway going across United States.
1926 – Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured (after an unexpected puch to the stomach a few days earlier).
1941 – Mount Rushmore is completed, featuring the sculpted head of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
1964 – #1 Hit October 31, 1964 – November 27, 1964: The Supremes – Baby Love
1968 – “October Surprise” – Just before the US elections, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that he had ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
1969 – Wal-mart incorporated in Arkansas.
1991 – Are You Afraid of The Dark premiered on Nickelodeon
1998 – WKOW in Madison, Wisconsin became one of the first high-definition broadcasts in digital television.
2011 – Today is the date that there were 7 billion people living on Earth.