November 13 in Pop Culture History
“On November 13, Felix Unger was asked to remove himself from his place of residence; that request came from his wife. Deep down, he knew she was right, but he also knew that some day he would return to her. With nowhere else to go, he appeared at the home of his friend, Oscar Madison.”
-Announcer, The Odd Couple
1789 – Ben Franklin wrote “nothing is certain, but death and taxes” in a letter to Jean Baptiste Le Roy.
1841 – James Braid first saw a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls Hypnotism.
1855 – A proposal for a tunnel under the English Channel was announced by French engineer M. Loèpold Favre, to connect Boulogne to Dover.
1927 – The Holland Tunnel opened to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.
1940 – Walt Disney released Fantasia, an film experience mixing animation and classical music, at New York’s Broadway Theatre.
1942 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lowered the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
1947 – The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47.
1954 – #1 Hit November 13, 1954 – December 3, 1954: Eddie Fisher – I Need You Now
1956 – The US Supreme Court of the United States declared Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1970 (Cyclone) East Pakistan (Bangladesh) killed approximately 500,000 people.
1971 – Mariner 9 was the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, reaching Mars.
1974 – set out to meet a reporter to go public with evidence of extensive safety violations. She was later found dead. Her car appeared to have been run off the road and the documents she had with her were missing.
1976 – #1 Hit November 13, 1976 – January 7, 1977: Rod Stewart – Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright)
1980 – US spacecraft Voyager 1 sent back first close-up pictures of Saturn.
1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, a monument consisting of two black granite walls engraved with the names of 58,272 US soldiers that did not return from Vietnam, was dedicated in Washington D.C.
1982 – Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas. Kim later died on November 17.
1985 (Volcano Eruption) Nevado del Ruiz, Columbia – over 23,000 people were killed.
1994 – Sweden agreed to join European Union
1997 – The Lion King (Broadway Musical) Opened on November 13, 1997 at the New Amsterdam Theater on Broadway.
2008 – Billy Elliot the Musical (Broadway Musical) Opened on November 13, 2008 and Closed: January 8, 2012
2010 – #1 Hit November 13, 2010 – November 19, 2010: Kesha – We R Who We R