November 14 in History
|November 14th is…
World Diabetes Day
National Family PJs Day
National Seat Belt Day
(Spicy) Guacamole Day
World Diabetes Day was created by the International Diabetes Federation in 1991. Its development was in response to the high rise of diabetic cases globally. The purpose is to promote advocacy for diabetics and information for the general public on how to curb the disease from rising any further. The United Nations 2007 made this an official day of their own, adding to the day’s prestige and worldwide awareness.
Diabetes, also known by its more technical term diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), and they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
Other symptoms of the disease are male sexual dysfunction, high blood pressure, and cuts and bruises that do not heal. Diabetes can also lead to kidney disease and permanent kidney failure. High Blood Pressure can also lead to kidney Failure. This ultimately leads to dialysis, where a person must have their blood cleansed three times a week as the body has stopped being able to do so on its own. In 2013 it was estimated that 382 million people worldwide had diabetes.
1851 – Moby-Dick by Herman Melville was published.
1889 – New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) began her attempt to duplicate the literary journey of Jules Verne’s Phileas Fogg by traveling around the world in less than 80 days. She succeeded, finishing the trip in January in 72 days and 6 hours.
1922 – The BBC (The British Broadcasting Company ) officially began its daily domestic radio service broadcasting with the 6:00pm news, read by announcer Arthur Burrows.
1956 – Love Me Tender, starring Elvis Presley, was released in US theaters.
#1 Hit November 14, 1960 – November 20, 1960: Ray Charles – Georgia on My Mind
1960 – OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), was formed by Iraq, Kuwait, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
1967 – The patent for “Ruby Laser Systems” was issued to Theodore Maiman (Patent #3,353,115). His first ruby laser was tested in 1960.
1968 – National Turn in Your Draft Card Day featured the burning of draft cards on US college campuses.
1972 – The Dow Jones closed at over 1000 for the first time, at 1,003.16.
1979 – US President Jimmy Carter issued Executive order 12170, which froze all Iranian assets in the United States, in response to the hostage crisis.
1986 – FCC issued a Notice Of Apparent Liability to WYSP in Philadelphia for broadcasting The Howard Stern Show, with material that the FCC believe contained “indecent” material.
1991 – Michael Jackson’s Black Or White video was aired on FOX (and MTV, BET, VH1) right after an episode of The Simpsons.
1994 – First trains for the general public ran in Channel Tunnel (Chunnel) under the English Channel.
1996 – Chicago (Broadway Musical) Opened on November 14, 1996 (revival)
#1 Hit November 14, 1998 – November 27, 1998: Lauryn Hill – Doo Wop (That Thing)
2008 – The first G-20 economic summit convened in Washington, DC.
#1 Hit November 14, 2009 – November 27, 2009: Jason Derulo – Whatcha Say
#1 Hit November 14, 2015 – January 22, 2016 : Adele – Hello
#1 Hit November 14, 2020 – December 4, 2020: Mood – 24kGoldn featuring Iann Dior